CLTs (M-Z)

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Maggie Walker Community Land Trust

The Maggie Walker CLT is a non-profit organization in Richmond, VA, that formed in 2016 to create permanently affordable housing. Using the CLT model, its focus is the creation single-family homeownership opportunities for residents in low-to-moderate-income neighborhoods.

In 2016 the Virginia State Assembly passed the Land Bank Entities Act, which allowed local governments to create land banks. In 2017, members of the Maggie Walker CLT, working with the Richmond County Development Alliance, pushed for the Richmond City Council to authorize it to govern Richmond’s land bank. In 2018, the Council adopted Ordinance 2017-196 , which designated the CLT “as a land bank entity for the purpose of assisting the City in addressing vacant, abandoned, and tax delinquent properties.” That designation allows the CLT to incorporate a portion of those properties into its portfolio, and to transfer other properties to area nonprofit housing developers with the “option of keeping the land under newly constructed or rehabilitated homes within MWCLT’s stewardship.”

In 2018 the CLT received a $1 million grant from The Community Foundation, to be used for the purchase of additional properties, as well as a $750,000 donation from Bon Secours Health Systems.

 

Mott Haven-Port Morris Community Land Stewards

Mott Haven-Port Morris Community Land Stewards is a Bronx, NY-based community land trust (CLT) sponsored by South Bronx Unite (SBU), a coalition of environmental justice, land and anti-displacement activists in the Mott Haven-Port Morris section of the South Bronx. The group was founded in early 2012 to protest the relocation of a warehouse for the diesel truck-intensive grocery delivery service Fresh Direct at the Harlem River Yards, a 96‐acre publicly owned waterfront parcel in Mott Haven-Port Morris.

It is a member of the New York City Community Land Initiative (NYCCLI), an alliance of social justice and affordable housing organizations. In 2017, NYCCLI was one of four New York City organizations included in a $1.65 million grant from the New York City Department of Housing and Preservation as part of the Community Land Trusts Capacity Building Initiative, a program started by Enterprise Community Partners and the New York State Attorney General’s Office to create or expand local community land trusts. The grant, part of which was used to create the NYCCLI’s CLT Learning Exchange, came from the Attorney General’s settlement with Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley for practices that contributed to the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis. The Learning Exchange includes Education and Outreach and Policy and Advocacy work groups.

Also in 2017, a proposal submitted by Mott Haven-Port Morris Community Land Stewards, in partnership with South Bronx and the NYCCLI, was named one of two winners of the Design Trust for Public Space Call for Project Ideas competition, Public for All: Rethinking Shared Space in NYC.

That proposal, “Community Land Trust as a Model for Public Space,” calls for the use of asset mapping and community-driven neighborhood planning to explore the potential for the community land trust model of community ownership to be applied to public space. Officially called “Power in Place: Building Community Wealth and Well-Being in Mott Haven-Port Morris, that effort was launched on Dec. 2, 2017. One of its goals is to identify underutilized spaces in those neighborhoods, like empty lots or abandoned or vacated properties that can be used for community needs like recreation, education and health.

While Mott Haven-Port Morris Community Land Stewards has yet to gain control over such a space, it has identified the vacant, 22,750-square-foot New York City-owned former Lincoln Detox Center, which it proposes to convert in into a permanently affordable, community-owned space for local nonprofits and cultural organizations, called the H.E.ARTS Community Center (health, education, and the arts).

 

Oakland Community Land Trust

Oakland Community Land Trust, the product of collaboration between residents and ACORN, with guidance from members of the Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative, was established in response to the subprime mortgage-induced foreclosure crisis in the late 2000s. Its goal is to provide guidance through the home purchasing process to make it less risky and uncertain.

Its creation was supported by a City of Oakland Community and Economic Development Agency report that advised the city to support the creation of community land trusts. The Oakland City Council subsequently approved the allocation of funds through the federal governments Neighborhood Stabilization Program (NSP). As of 2017, the CLT had purchased 17 properties, primarily through funding from NSP.

The CLT is also involved in multifamily housing through the establishment of a Resident Operated Nonprofit (RON) non-equity co-op, in which residents do not purchase a share as they would in a limited equity cooperative. However, the property is self-managed by the residents and in all other ways operates like a traditional housing co-op. Oakland CLT looks to partner with existing tenants to support their stability and to remove their buildings from the speculative market

Oakland CLT also worked with the owner of a mixed-use community center occupied by several community organizations who feared displacement if the building was sold. The owner offered those tenants “right of first refusal” to buy the property if they were able to put together a legitimate offer. The tenants reached out to Oakland CLT, which was able to assist in a $75,000 crowd-funding effort as well as acquire a $300,000 Alameda County Measure A1 Home Preservation loan.

The group’s presence has also been a mechanism for more community involvement as they have partnered with Youth Employment Partnership, an organization that employs youth for job training, to rehabilitate foreclosed homes.

 

Rondo Community Land Trust

Rondo Community Land Trust, founded in 1993, creates affordable housing for moderate income families through the purchase or donation of homes set to be demolished and moving them to vacant lots owned by the land trust throughout the city of St Paul, MN, for extensive rehabilitation.

In 2006, Rondo CLT received a $400,000 forgivable loan from the federal Home Investment Partnership (HOME) program. The HOME program provides grants to states and localities to fund activities such as buying, building, or rehabilitating homes for affordable housing. Funds can also be used to provide aid for rental low-income people.

Rondo CLT began with a focus on the Rondo neighborhood, but in 2000 was asked by the city of Saint Paul to expand their service area in an effort to help with the city’s affordable housing crisis. Of the 60 homes in their portfolio, though, half remain within the Rondo community.

In 2016 the Saint Paul and Minnesota Foundations awarded Rondo CLT a $27,000 Building Community Capacity grant under the Economic Opportunity and Security category. This type of grant is awarded to organizations which seek to strengthen “support for low income individuals and families through community development, workforce education and training, and creating sustainable employment pathways.” In 2017 they received an additional Saint Paul and Minnesota Foundations grant for $75,000, as well as a $50,000 grant from the Mardag Foundation for supporting community development throughout Saint Paul.

Rondo CLT recently branched into commercial land trusts starting with their Selby Milton Victoria Project. The $13.2 million project will develop two mixed-use commercial/residential buildings creating long-term affordable commercial space while also providing 34 units of affordable senior housing. For the senior housing portion of the project, Rondo CLT partnered with Community Housing Development Corporation (CHDC) to use Low Income Housing Tax Credits.

Various grants provided the funding for the commercial space of the Selby Milton Victoria Project. In 2015, the clt received a $23,000 grant for the project from the F.R Bigelow Foundation, which provides funding to nonprofits and public entities seeking to “achieve racially and economically equitable outcomes in the areas of arts & culture, economic & community development, education & youth development, health, housing, and human services.” Also, in 2015, the organization received a $200,000 grant through Saint Paul’s Neighborhood Sales Tax Revitalization (STAR) grant program, which is funded with 50 percent of the city’s half-cent sales tax proceeds. STAR grants or loans in excess of $50,000 must be matched on one to one basis with non-city resources.

Finally, in 2019, Rondo CLT received a $250,000 grant from the Minnesota State Legislature to be use for “improvements to leased commercial space in the Selby Milton Victoria Project that will create long-term affordable space for small businesses and for build-out and development of new businesses.”

 

San Francisco Community Land Trust

San Francisco Community Land Trust (SFCLT) was established in 2003 by the San Francisco Community Land Trust Collaborative. The Collaborative, which was founded by tenant organizers and anti-displacement activists in 2001, originally intended to build a network of community-based land trusts, but ultimately settled on developing a single clt, which assists tenants in acquiring small multi-family apartment buildings and converting them to resident-run cooperatives. Tenants own shares in the buildings, while SFCLT owns the land.

In 2009, SFCLT acquired its first building using public and private funds. Since, it has acquired 12 additional properties with funding support from a range of sources including the San Francisco Small Sites Program, the Levi Strauss Foundation, San Francisco Foundation, SoMa Stabilization Fund, Clearinghouse CDFI, and the Enterprise Community Loan Fund.

 

Sawmill (Albuquerque, NM) Community Land Trust

The Sawmill Community Land Trust was officially formed in 1996, although community members had begun to organize years earlier over concerns of growing pollution caused by a nearby particleboard factory in Albuquerque, NM.

Residents initially formed the Sawmill Advisory Council (SAC) in 1986 to protest degrading environmental conditions due to the industrial site. After a successful environmental campaign, the land was seized for remediation by the city and became available for development.

In this beginning stage, where the development of the 27-acre site was only being planned, SAC didn’t have direct control over the land. But it did have a relationship with the city that allowed it to offer input on how the land should be used. Within SAC there was a smaller division, the Sawmill Community Development Corporation (CDC), which helped oversee the project alongside the city to ensure no future developments would be environmentally detrimental.

It was only after realizing that developing the land could prove to be a good opportunity for creating affordable and sustainable housing that SAC decided try to gain full control of the 27-acres. They contacted another nonprofit organization, The Institute for Community Economics, in order to develop a Requests for Proposals which they would use to put in a development bid with the city to take control over of the land. The national organization, known for assisting the development of CLTs, helped Sawmill develop a proposal which was successful.

The Sawmill CDC then became the Sawmill CLT, in 1996, when they gained full control over future development and turned it into a community land trust.

The funding for Sawmill CLT comes from several sources, like HOME and Federal Home Loan Bank Dollars, the city of Albuquerque (in the form of community development block grants), and private donations. Sawmill’s success is partially attributed to its strong working relationship with the city, which it has worked closely with since the very beginning of the land’s development.

They also work closely with the community, using students from the University of New Mexico Design and Planning Center and residents from the community in order to design and develop the land.

The landtrust now includes 34 acres, after the community voted in 2007 to expand into other neighborhoods within Bernalillo County.

 

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